Create A Hyper-Profitable Affiliate Business From Scratch

They also have forums available for you, whether you’re a new-comer or have been with them for years, to speak with and get feedback and advice from other affiliates just like you. After all, it can be easy to feel like you’re the only one struggling when you make your money online, and talking to like-minded people who have found success can put a spring back into your step, and help you find a way to get yourself out of that rut and back in the game.
Conclusion box: this is where you conclude your review and add your final words and opinion. This section includes a larger product rating element.Next to it, you can find a pros and cons list. Even if your main purpose is to promote a product and get the most conversions, it is still a good idea to mention some negative points as well. This will give you more credibility. The best strategy is to list a lot of strong positive points and just a couple of minor negative ones.
Affiliate Disclaimer – if you sign up for Cloudways using my affiliate link or use promo code OMM25, this saves you money and credits me the sale which I really appreciate. I donate quite a bit to charity ($6,000 to GoFundMe so far) and only recommend the fastest, best host based on real evidence. They also do free trials, free migrations, and their community manager is very helpful. Thank you if you use my link or promo code.
Thank you for the insight, it did set straight some of the things that seem to be left out in the sales pitches from those selling their affiliate programs. I’ve been looking for a couple of weeks now, and while some of it is starting to sink in, one of the key factors appears to be the creation of an informative blog. It seems there are other ways to operate as an Affiliate Marketer that don’t require a blog or a website, but, it appears that content and traffic to it, are the preferred methods.

Your niche doesn't necessarily need to be an area you're already an expert in. You can also choose a specialized area which you're enthusiastic or interested in learning more about.Think of Oprah, she doesn't market herself as an expert, but she frequently brings other experts on her show. You can do the same in your niche, by giving other experts a platform to promote themselves in exchange for content creation.[9]

24/7 Customer Support. You will never know when you’ll experience glitches in whatever technology you use for your business operations. While it is easy to resolve for large enterprises with in-house IT experts, it may be more challenging for small businesses. This is why AffTrack offers all-around, 24/7 support, so that all users may get the assistance they need with minimal downtime.


For the best results, you need to have your own website that contains the product or keyword you are promoting. For each product brought from your site you will earn a handsome commission. Additionally, very many people are registering with eBay. You will get around 25 to 35 bucks for every person who registers from your site. For advertising, you can use different tools such as creative tabs that have colorful graphics interactive ads that you can place on your website or blog you attract visitors to come to eBay pages.
Amazon affiliates earn an income by signing up for the Amazon Associates program. Once accepted, you simply include your amazon links on your site, blog or video. It's the same thing like any other affiliate program. If someone makes a purchase from the link you have, then you'll get a percentage of that sale. Keep in mind commissions are low, averaging around 4%.
Of the many key reasons these sites are so massively successful, one stands out in particular: they are genuinely helpful to their visitors. When you need to renew your car insurance, do you seriously go filling in forms on every individual provider’s website, or do you instead just fill in the one form on a site like Comparethemarket to get all the quotes you need at once? If you think about the answer honestly, you’ll realise exactly why comparison websites like this are so genuinely useful to a visitor.

The topic you choose must have enough depth that you can create a lot of content for it. This is important for building an authoritative site, for search engine optimization, and most importantly, for the end user. If you don't have enough content about a topic, you're not going to be taken very seriously as an authority on the topic and it's unlikely you can convince someone to make a purchase from you. 


These are some really great programs to start with, if they fit in your niche. AWeber, for instance, has a good pay out, but if your blog readers aren’t interested in building an email list, you’re not going to make any sales by promoting it. That’s why I love that you’ve also included ShareASale – no matter what niche you’re in, you’ll find something excellent to promote!
Retreaver is a cloud-based call center solution that tracks, tags and routes callers to specific agents or departments. We help agencies, marketers and brands analyze their inbound calls, manage caller profiles, dynamically route calls, analyze ROI, track conversions and generate reports. Using real-time tracking on your pages and leveraging powerful CRM databases, you can personalize client experiences, reduce call time and increase customer satisfaction. Retreaver offers the ability to create your own call data properties based off custom tags, these tags become associated with a number or phone call giving you more control over your campaigns and analytics. By optimizing our operating costs we're able to pass those savings unto you. We have no contracts or forced monthly obligations and we offer competitive pricing models for our clients. Contact us for a quote.
A more beginner-friendly option to earn money as an affiliate marketer, without maintaining a blog or website, is through Amazon. And, as previously mentioned, the Amazon Associates program works well with many non-blogging platforms. Plus, their tools make it easy to integrate your unique affiliate links into the content you share, whether you’re making a YouTube video or posting a social media update.

There are several ways to market products by means of affiliate marketing on the Internet without having your own website. You can become an affiliate marketer by incorporating affiliate links into the body of emails you send, posting affiliate links in discussion communities such as forums, discussion boards, or blogs, writing articles on websites that feature user-generated content, and also, writing e-books that feature embedded affiliate links.


Auto-Pilot Functionalities. This platform isn’t only useful for affiliate management; it also comes with tools that help boost conversions. Using its auto-pilot functionalities, you can automate order notifications for abandoned orders, create promotional codes that pop out at checkout as well as setup one-click order bumps once customers pay for their purchase.
Overall, I can’t say that WarriorPlus is a scam because by definition a scam is an opportunity that promotes something and delivers nothing. I can say they over-exaggerate in many of their offers. They’re very polluted with scammers and bad products, so if you choose to do business there, you have to spend alot of time on quality control and due diligence.  As a result, I’d recommend alternative affiliate networks over WarriorPlus. Flexoffers would be my #1 recommended affiliate network so far, but we’ll see if others can offer a comparable value as I continue reviewing them.
If you ask my opinion then affiliate marketing is one of the best-earning method i ever work it generates the passive income and i am making a lot of money with this by using Amazone affiliate program, I also write a post on the Top 10 Affiliate Marketing websites in Pakistan if you are interested to know that which affiliate programs are working in Pakistan then click on the given link.
Paid advertising is NOT something I recommend for those who are just getting started. With that said, it’s good to have a basic understanding of what is known as PPC or Pay-Per-Click website traffic. In short, you can use services like Google Adwords or Facebook Ads to drive traffic to your site. You pay per website visitor, but you can make a lot of money doing this. Say it costs you $1 to send a visitor to your site, but each visitor on average earns you $2 in affiliate commissions. You, my friend, have a money machine on your hands.
Powerful Reporting Tools. Creating well-informed business decisions can be difficult when you don’t have actionable data to base your choices on. To help you gain better insight into the purchase process and keep tabs on your lead conversions, Tune provides powerful real-time reporting tools. On top of this, email marketing, affiliate tracking, and fraud management integrations are included in their packages.
Revenue Sharing Social Networks: The revenue sharing content model started with sites like HubPages, but have grown beyond just text-based-content since then to include Daily TwoCents, Techulator, Tsu, GetGems, BonzoMe, Bubblews, RedGage and Persona Paper. This model is not without controversy since many content contributors complain about constantly changing payment models, payments lower than expected and problems with late payments. Do your due diligence and read reviews and opinions from users.
Bitrix24 manuals are available at training.bitrix24.com. We also have a great YouTube channel that covers every aspect of Bitrix24 apps, from sales to planning to communications to document management. To download self hosted editions of Bitrix24 that can be installed on your own server and come with open source code access, please visit Bitrix24 Self Hosted page.
Merchants receiving a large percentage of their revenue from the affiliate channel can become reliant on their affiliate partners. This can lead to affiliate marketers leveraging their important status to receive higher commissions and better deals with their advertisers. Whether it’s CPA, CPL, or CPC commission structures, there are a lot of high paying affiliate programs and affiliate marketers are in the driver’s seat.
It’s a little silly how often people overlook this step. The simple math is, if you have more eyeballs on your affiliate links, the more likely you’ll make sales. Sure, that’s a bit of an oversimplification buuuut it still holds true that you should be trying to gain traffic on these posts anyway. So, remember the importance of promotion! It’s not enough to just write killer affiliate posts.
I’ve learned so much with this course! KC Tan is an excellent instructor. He covers all the bases. Also, his facebook group and email list have both been a great value for me. I’ve made money using this method, and I’m hoping to start making even more by learning list building details in another of his courses that I just started. So glad I came across his courses. – Maya Brown

Affiliate marketing is something practically every website owner should have a basic understanding of in today’s digital world. Even if you don’t personally use it in your monetization strategy, there may be a time when you want to. This guide to affiliate marketing can get you several steps closer to understanding one of the most popular forms of website monetization online businesses use today.
Hitpath allows clients to efficiently attribute the numerous factors of their digital marketing endeavors. It is leveraged to evaluate measurable, smart customer engagements. One of the most user-friendly tracking software in the market, Hitpath is fast and productive, enabling affiliate tracking in real-time. It also offers free training for this software along with 24/7 support. Other features include: Affiliate management, Real-time campaign tracking, Accounting module, Cross pub campaign accelerator, and a pleasant interface  

Kinsta’s affiliate program is one of the best and most beneficial in the hosting industry. After each referral they offer a one-time sign up bonus up to $500. Additionally there is a lifetime recurring commission of 10%. The cherry on the cake is their custom-made affiliate dashboard which allows real-time tracking of subscriptions, analytics, payments and much more.


The topic you choose must have enough depth that you can create a lot of content for it. This is important for building an authoritative site, for search engine optimization, and most importantly, for the end user. If you don't have enough content about a topic, you're not going to be taken very seriously as an authority on the topic and it's unlikely you can convince someone to make a purchase from you. 
If you found this article helpful and you’d like more information like it that can help you to make money online with affiliate marketing CREATE A FREE ACCOUNT HERE. You’ll learn how to set up a website, how to create content, how to pick affiliate programs, other website monetization strategies, and everything you’d need to know to make a full-time income online. CREATE YOUR FREE ACCOUNT HERE.
Affiliate marketers fail for a variety of reasons. For the most part, I find that people fail because they give up too easy. I believe this is the most common reason why people fail. Others is they have either no affiliate marketing training or bad training or just chose the wrong product. Anyone can do this provided they are trained properly and have the right mindset to continue and not give up at the first roadblock.
Write an e-book on a topic that is related to your affiliates.[7] For example, if you team up with an affiliate that sells fitness equipment, you may want to write an e-book about different workout techniques that involve the fitness equipment. Embed affiliate links into sections of your e-book. For example, if your e-book is about fitness, you can write about the importance of wearing appropriate running shoes during your workout, then embed affiliate links for a specific brand of running shoes that you recommend to your readers.	

A lot of people don’t realize this, but you can’t just become an affiliate – it’s a process that requires an application. Even once you’re part of an affiliate network, you’ll still need to apply for individual brands within those networks. There are times when you’ll be declined… usually there’s a reason why (lol like that time I applied to hundreds of clothing retailers in anticipation for all the packing lists that I still have not written). Other times, you’ll feel like a good fit and they’ll reject you anyway. That’s the way this cookie crumbles, so remember to put a little effort into your applications and really pick companies that fit your blog.
Cath Andrews is Solo Build It!'s Content Team Lead. Having taken early retirement from work in social care, she describes her "day job" - her online business, Raising Happy Chickens, like this: I spend my time doing what my mother calls “playing on that blasted computer all day” — and I love it. Knowing that other people benefit from my knowledge gives me goose-bumps. And goose-bumps are as important to me as the money my online business makes.
all I herd was opinion no fact and someone trying to promote her own stuff instead of doing do diligence and getting the product and then giving a review si you can hate all you want but at least 3 if the vendors on that list have personally gone out if there way to help someone who is struggling so in my opinion you would be the last one I would want to teach me anything because teach coach motivate not talk down on e everyone because it makes me feel better about being rude mean and judgemental oh wait know I am just like you sorry did not mean to stoop that low and good programs money makers what have you done oh probably just sell everyone elsesstuff no real idea of your own dont feel good does it hope you think about how you feel personally when you dont use facts just what you think you know not raised with manners hope you a better person in life or I feel for anyone around you
Creating In-Depth Content Around The Keyword – 10+ minutes for YouTube videos and 1,500+ words for blog posts depending on how extensive the topic is. Extensive yet concise! If your content is long, make sure to include timestamps in your video descriptions or create an HTML table of contents for blog posts so viewers can jump to specific sections of your content.
There are extra steps you’d have to take to find the additional information, and many people won’t want to go hunting for the additional facts.  This fact alone would make it obvious why many people complain about the affiliates at WarriorPlus being spammy.  Most of them are promoting offers just for them–just because they see how much others are making and how much they can make!
Join the Leadpages Affiliate Partner Program a start promoting their suite of lead generation tools, which have helped hundreds of thousands of entrepreneurs create sustainable small businesses online.  Earn 30% recurring commission on all sales you generate, for as long as your referrals remain customers, including renewals and upgrades of their Leadpages plan.
Smart Targeting. Whether you want to streamline your campaign according to device, ISP, carrier, OS, browser, language, or location, the smart targeting tools offered by Affise can help you tap into specific markets and increase conversion rates. Coupled with their CPAPI application, the utilization of these features facilitate precision-driven automation that maximizes ROIs in the long run.
This Affiliate Marketing Website was built as a live case study within Wealthy Affiliate over a 4 week period.  Members were able to watch every single step I took while building the site. From keyword research to showing profits – every step was shown live and recorded. If you’re a member of Wealthy Affiliate, you can watch the entire case study from start to finish.  Here’s a post that outlines the entire case study.
I did a lot of research to find the right one, and so I chose Making Sense of Affiliate Marketing by Michelle Schroeder-Gardner (as I mentioned earlier). I figured it made sense to learn from the best, and with a 30 day satisfaction guarantee, I had nothing to lose. I chat WAY more in-depth about it in my review here, but this course was definitely a gamechanger for me.
Welcome to one of the largest affiliate marketing programs in the world. The Amazon Associates Program helps content creators, publishers and bloggers monetize their traffic. With millions of products and programs available on Amazon, associates use easy link-building tools to direct their audience to their recommendations, and earn from qualifying purchases and programs.
Post Affiliate Pro is affiliate software that runs your entire affiliate program from top to bottom. It is intuitive, fast, effective, and infinitely expandable and scalable. The system will give you access to Merchant panel and your affiliates to the affiliate panel to see their stats and manage their promotion materials. Post Affiliate Pro will automate your entire affiliate program. Learn more about Post Affiliate Pro

“I’ve used Leaddyno since my old Shopify store before my move to Woocommerce. Even then I searched every affiliate marketing tool available. Lead dyno is loaded with features, has sweet customizations, and has an nice feel on the front and back end that is just not present with other softwares. If you don’t want to waste time, Leaddyno is what you want.”


Included in this plan is Omnistar Tell, a separate viral marketing platform. Omnistar Tell will help you create customizable thank you pages. These thank you pages will make your business go viral. Visitors who land on the thank you pages will be able to promote you via social networks. You can also use the thank you pages to run contests. Customizable Thank You Pages
Most of the companies have affiliate programs but they decide to do it through Affiliate Marketing Programs. Then, here is where the second option comes. Affiliate Marketing programs is a marketing company who manage many affiliate programs from different companies. This is my favorite option because you can be part of more than one affiliate program, by joining one marketing program. But sadly not all the time this works because your brand could be not part of it.
One of the advantages of a smaller program is that you will have an affiliate manager to work with.  Find a good paying product from a smaller team very closely aligned with your niche. Create some great content and funnels. Spend a little on ads. Before you know it you will be able to ask for a higher commission rate, special coupon codes that align with your content strategy, etc.
Scaleo is a fully-managed affiliate marketing software that allows you to track, analyze, and optimize your affiliate business and affiliate marketing campaigns in real-time, utilizing cutting-edge AI technology. Suitable for networks, businesses, and media buyers, it can help you find the best time your campaigns convert, optimize traffic sources by cutting out fraudulent traffic and focusing on quality conversions. Even the Starter Scaleo plan comes packed with innovative features: multiple conversion points, different landing pages, intelligent redirects, advanced reports, and more.
This affiliate and digital marketing tracking software can track leads, add, calls, sales conversion, as well as networks. It tracks and optimizes the success of your internet affiliate marketing endeavors with efficacy, enabling you to operate a successful campaign. LinkTrust has a customizable interface that lets you track all types of offline and online advertising through pixels, server posts, cookies, CPA, CC, mobile traffic, and Pay-per-call. Other features include: • LinkTrust RTA (Remote Traffic Agent) • Lead distribution and management • Affiliate management • Campaign management • Customizable lead validation • Fraud detection, lead management • Real-time reporting • Mobile tracking  
Success in affiliate marketing is about persistence and continuing nature. You can’t assume that your profit will always be the same if you once earned 300$ per day. In Affiliate marketing, there are plenty of cases when, after earning somewhat a very modest income for a long time, people skyrocketed overnight. It is all about choosing the right niche and the right strategy. And there are plenty of opposite cases when affiliate marketers went from high incomes to sod.
Find affiliate codes and paste them into your site. Once your site is well-established and respected for its content, you can begin to link out to affiliate programs. Search the various affiliate networks and look for products that relate to the theme of your website. Grab the affiliate code from your account and paste it into your site. As people visit your site and click these links, you can begin earning money from the referrals in your articles.[6]
Understand affiliate marketing. Companies create affiliate programs to help push their products. When you become a program member—which is usually free—you can make links to promote the products on your website or another site. When people buy the products through your links, you will get a piece of the profits. As a member of an affiliate network, you can choose to promote any of several thousand products. It is possible to make up to 50–75% of the profit on each sale that results from your promotion.[1]
ClickMeter is a software company and offers a software title called ClickMeter. ClickMeter offers training via documentation, and live online. ClickMeter is affiliate software, and includes features such as affiliate management, affiliate tracking, commission management, email / newsletter communication, and fraud detection. With regards to system requirements, ClickMeter is available as SaaS software. Costs start at $29.00/month. ClickMeter includes business hours support. Some alternative products to ClickMeter include CAKE, Offerit, and Refersion.
Put your favorite products front and center. The Points Guy has a “Top Cards” section in the main navigation menu that simply lists the top travel credit cards. It doesn’t bring in as much traffic as some of the other content, but it does okay. It’s an easy place for people to find the most important products for those interested in this sort of thing.

I basically write tutorials on website speed while saying “hosting is the #1 speed factor and Cloudways DigitalOcean was #1 in multiple speed tests and Facebook polls taken in the WordPress Hosting Facebook Group. Most people recommend them (even WordPress) and they do free migrations. People who move to Cloudways usually see much faster load times. I use Cloudways and you can view my GTmetrix report: the proof is in the pudding my friends.”

When promoting affiliate offers, just make sure you are fully aware of all the terms and conditions attached to your affiliate program. Some programs can be strict about how they allow you to promote their products. For example, some may limit you to banner ads and links only, while others will allow you to use paid advertising, but won't allow email marketing. 
The $12 trillion gap between informed and uninformed marketers is indicative of where affiliate marketing is at today. And one way to leverage the reach and power of affiliate marketing is to use an affiliate network and the appropriate tool to capture it.According to a study conducted by the National Retail Federation, 81% of brands are using affiliate marketing as part of their customer acquisition methods. Frequently, they leverage this to increase the awareness of their target market, drive conversions, and engage with customers.This is why spending on affiliate marketing programs is increasing year after year, as evidenced by the following chart.	

HI Dawn. Really useful article. Affiliate marketing is something I’ve tried on and off for years but as soon as it comes to keyword research, i block. i’m blind so understanding all the information that keywords research gives you is just soooo. difficult. and i don’t know how to choose longtail keywords. As a result I’ve always stuck to direct selling but I love to write and feel sure that if i got my head around keyword research and knowing how to pick words I could make a go of this. Any advice?
Also referred as Commission Junction, CJ is a large affiliate network offer affiliate programs for a wide range of popular and well-established organizations. This program acts as the intermediary between the merchants who will provide the products to sell and the affiliates who will do the marketing. This program is very advantageous as it provides very many affiliate programs at the same place.
Join the Leadpages Affiliate Partner Program a start promoting their suite of lead generation tools, which have helped hundreds of thousands of entrepreneurs create sustainable small businesses online.  Earn 30% recurring commission on all sales you generate, for as long as your referrals remain customers, including renewals and upgrades of their Leadpages plan.
Awesome article, affiliate marketing is the best source of income for every blogger or website. I think commission junction is the best affiliate program and also most of the bloggers use the affiliate program to make a huge amount of money. Excellent post. Affiliating marketing is best for every blogger and A member arrange goes about as a middle person between distributors who offer items and administrations and the vendors who make those items and administrations and their associated projects.
Are The Products, Services And Offers High Quality? Your reputation is at stake so choose your offers carefully. Your customers are counting on you to refer products that will pay them more dividends than the money they’ll part with to have them. You also don’t want to be an affiliate with an super high refund rate. It takes money off the table and loses the trust of both vendors and your customers. 	

I’m in the process of creating a new blog now and have decided on a niche to focus on. I’d like to implement affiliate marketing as soon as the blog launches. Was wondering if affiliate networks require those requesting to become affiliate marketers to have a certain number of followers before approving the request to join the affiliate program? Generally, what types of requirements have to be met when applying to join an affiliate network? I’d hate to apply then get rejected because I haven’t met the minimum requirements, if those exist. Thanks!
Why create a product review roundup? It’s a way to provide real value to your readers. In the last stage of the buying process, people have usually reviewed a number of products. Now they have to decide which one to pick among all the options. With this template, you can help them through the decision-making process by providing a review comparison.
TransferWise helps people send and receive money – internationally and locally – at a mid-market exchange rate and low fees. It offers a multi-currency account with a debit card that allows you to send, spend and receive money internationally, covering over 80 countries and currencies. With 8 million customers, TransferWise helps people save over a billion dollars in fees every year. 
TUNE builds technology that powers successful marketing partnerships across mobile and web. TUNE Partner Marketing Platform is the industry's most flexible SaaS platform for building, managing, and growing partner programs and networks. Headquartered in Seattle with hundreds of employees worldwide, TUNE is trusted by innovative affiliate marketers, the largest performance advertising networks, and iconic brands across the globe. Learn more about TUNE
If a company changes the terms of its affiliate program, your revenues could be directly affected. Becoming an affiliate for the wrong businesses can also create problems. You won't earn money if your blog or website audience doesn't feel compelled to buy their products or services. Given the growth of affiliate marketing, you’ll also have to contend with fierce competition from other marketers promoting the same products.
Another example of an Amazon Affiliate Website that niched down to long boards. These are like skateboards but longer and meant to cruise, going longer distances than skateboards. It’s a relatively simple website that loads the user with tons of products from the homepage but highlights the lack of comments per review (usually 0 – 2 comments). The typical length of an article is 300-500 words so they are relying on their specific niche for traffic. Not bad for a “.net” domain as they are less common than their popular counterparts “.com”. It’s not the best example, but I’m going for a range.

One of the most natural ways to include affiliate links on YouTube is to do honest product reviews. Let’s say you start a YouTube Channel focused on fitness. You could create videos reviewing products like Fitbit, exercise equipment, and other gear people who work out would find useful. Then you could link to the product on Amazon and potentially earn a commission if someone makes a purchase.
If instant gratification is your thing, affiliate marketing will make you want to run into a wall. Even after you surpass the threshold needed to “cash out”, there’s usually a waiting period before your commission is confirmed/approved, simply because they allow time for people to return goods if needed. So yes, affiliate marketing is by no means a fast track to cash.
Another company that match affiliates to merchants, Avant Link takes an extremely professional view of affiliate-merchant linking.  They only take on affiliates if such an affiliate can prove they have a succinct knowledge of the techniques used to drive visitors to their site, and only select merchants with premier, functioning web-stores with decent conversion rates.  This company deals with higher-end of internet marketing rather than seldom-visited blogs.
Easily create your full-featured affiliate program on WordPress. You’re here because you want an affiliate marketing solution that works. AffiliateWP is an easy-to-use, reliable WordPress plugin that gives you the affiliate marketing tools you need to grow your business and make more money. Affiliates constantly promote your products and services, drastically improving your website’s SEO. Higher visibility means more people will visit your website, and see your products and services. More traffic to your website means an increased likelihood of converting them into real customers. Your affiliate program will be up and running in minutes. Simply install and activate and you’re ready to go! AffiliateWP tracks affiliate referrals reliably, even on servers with aggressive caching. Easily pay affiliates directly to their bank accounts with our dedicated payouts. Track affiliate-referred visits, referrals, earnings and affiliate registrations in real time, without delay.
Affiliate programs are usually limited to industry influencers — as determined by blog click-through rates, email list sizes, social media engagement, or other factors — who sell to a greater audience. Affiliate partners may be required to maintain a minimum conversion rate. Many affiliate programs are more lax nowadays, but at the very least, they require affiliates to have an active website or online presence.
Shopify is the leading hosted e-commerce solution for retailers. They represent retailers small and large. It makes a lot of sense for many retailers to use Shopify. There other solution is to use WooCommerce which will require both WordPress and WooCommerce support capabilities or Magento which will usually require external support for setup and maintenance. These are both expensive items when you consider the time you spend dealing with technology – not retailing.
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